Dignity and discrimination

Dignity and discrimination

The Anti-Discrimination Act prohibits the unequal treatment of workers or persons seeking employment.

Discrimination means the different treatment of a person or a group of persons compared to all others on the basis of their personal characteristics.

This includes, among others, unequal treatment based on race, gender, marital status, sexual orientation, family obligations, age, language, religion, political or other belief, social origin, social position and membership or non-membership of a political party or trade union.

The Act obliges employers to pay equal wages to women and men for equal work and work of equal value.

Mobbing means abuse in the workplace. It is similar to discrimination in the sense that it is also a violation of the right to equality and human dignity. The difference is that discrimination must have a clearly established basis (gender, age, disability, etc.), while this basis need not be the case in cases of mobbing.  

Mobbing usually consists of psychological terror carried out through hostile and unethical communication, systematically directed by one or more individuals towards, usually, one person.


Only when organised in a union can workers collectively bargain with the employer about their wages and working conditions and organise strike action if they cannot agree with the employer on these issues.

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